Elwell Stephen Otis
(1838 - 1909)

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Full article from The University Encyclopedia, copyright 1902:

Otis, Elwell Stephen, an American military officer; born in Frederick, Md., March 25, 1838; was graduated at Rochester (N.Y.) University in 1858, and began the study of law. He was just entering on practice when the Civil War broke out, and in September, 1862, he entered the volunteer service as captain in the 140th New York Infantry. He took an active part in the battle of Gettysburg, where his regiment lost 133 men in killed and wounded. At the battle of the Wilderness, he commanded as lieutenant-colonel the picket line of the 5th Corps, which brought on the engagement. In this battle the 140th lost 255 men, only three of the captains being left. At Spottsylvania the regiment lost its colonel and Otis succeeded to the command. He was severely wounded near Petersburg, Oct. 1, 1864, and was disabled for duty. He was discharged from the volunteer service Jan. 24, 1865, with the brevet rank of Brigadier General. In 1866 he was appointed lieutenant-colonel of the 22d United States Infantry, and became colonel of the 20th Infantry in 1880. From 1867 to 1881 he served with the army in the West against the Indians. In 1881 he organized the School of Infantry and Cavalry at Fort Leavenworth, Kan., of which he remained in command till 1885. He then went with his regiment, the 20th Infantry, to Fort Assiniboine, Mont., where he was commander of the post. On Oct. 1 1890, he was detailed for duty as superintendent of the recruiting service, and Nov. 28, 1893, was promoted to the full rank of Brigadier-General. On Dec. 1 of the same year he was assigned to the command of the Department of the Columbia, with headquarters at Vancouver, and in 1897 was transferred to the Department of Colorado. On May 28, 1898, he was appointed Major-General of the volunteers and assinged to duty in command of the Deparment of the Pacific, and as military governor of the Philippines, which office he held till May 5, 1900. He was a member of the Philippine commission and on June 16, 1900, was promoted Major-General, U.S.A., and on Oct. 25 was assigned to the Department of the Lakes.

This article is part of the III Publishing series on leaders of the United States of America who are known to have committed war crimes and crimes against humanity.

See also The U.S. War Against Asia by William P. Meyers (history work in progress)