Introduction to VAMPIRES OR GODS?
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The Lives of the Twelve Caesars by Suetonius Modern Library translation by Joseph Cavorse Copyright 1931 p 122, re Tiberius Caesar's ancestry "The women also have records equally diverse, since both the famous Claudias belonged to that family: the one who drew the ship freighted with things sacred to the Idaean Mother of the Gods from the shoal in the Tiber on which it was strangded, after first publicly praying that it might yield to her effors only if her chastity were beyond question." [that is, Cybele, 204 B.C.] Comment: here we have Cybele connected to four Roman emperors: Tiberius Gaius Caligula Claudius Nero Since Caligula is now known to have survived his assasination and to have become a vampire of much note, and since the Mary, Mother of God (Jesus) of the Christian bible is almost certainly Cybele, we have another connection between Caligula and Jesus, aside from the fact that they were contemporaries.
Cybele - Mother of the Gods from Julian, vol I, Loeb Classical Library (1913) Julian (Flavius Claudiu Julianus) was the son of Julius Constanius and thus nephew of the Emperor Constantine; born at Constantinople in 331 A.D. Raised a Christian, he prefered paganism and devoted himself to philosophy. In 355 the emperor Constantius named him Ceasar and governor of Gaul. Became emperor when Constantius died in 361. Restored freedom of religious worship and urged the restoration of Greek/Roman religion. He died in battle against Persia in 363. Hymn to the Mother of the Gods  "It was handed down by the Phrygians in very ancient times, and was first taken over by the Greeks, and not by any ordinary Greeks but by Athenians who had learned by experience that they did wrong to jeer at one who was celebrating the Mysteries of the Mother. For it is said that they wantonly insulted and drove out Gallus, on the ground that he was introducing a new cult, because they did not understand what sort of goddess they had to do with, and that she was that very Deo whom ehty worship, and Rhea and Demeter too. Then followed the wrath of the goddess and the propitiation of her wrath. For the priestess of the Pythian god who guided the Greeks in all noble conduct, bade them propitiate thewrath of the Mother of the Gods. And so, we are told, the Metroum was built, where the Athenians used to keep all their state records. After the Greeks the Romans took up the cult, when the Pythian god had advised them in their turn to bring the goddess from Phrygia as an ally for their war against the Carthaginians. And perhaps there is no reason why I should not insert here a brief account of what happened. When they learned the response of the oracle, the inhabitants of Rome, that city beloved of the gods, sent an embassy to ask from the kings of Pergamon who then ruled over Phrygia and from the Phygians themselves the most holy statue of the Goddess. When they had received it they rough back this sacred freight, putting it on a broad cargo boat. Thus the statue crossed the Aegean and Ionian Seas, and sailed round Sicily and over the etruscan Sea, and so entered the mouth of the Tiber. The people and the Senate with them poured out of the city, and in front of all the others there came to meet her all the priests and priestesses in their ancestral attire. In excited suspense they gazed at the ship running before the wind, and about her keel they discerned the foamy wake as she cleft the waves. The people greeted the ship as she sailed in and adored her from afar. But the goddess, as she desired to show the Roman people that they were not bringing a lifeless image from Phrygia, but that what they had received from the Phrygians and were now bringing home possessed greater and more divine powers than any image, stayed the ship directly as it touched the Tiber, as if suddenly rooted in mid-stream. So they tried to tow her against the current, but she did not follow. Then they tried to push her off, thinking they had grounded on a shoal, but for all their efforts she did not move. Then every possible device was brought to bear, but in spite of all the ship remained immovable. Thereupon the crowd's suspicion fell on that maiden who had been consecrated to the most sacred office of priestess, and they accused Claudia of not having kept herself stainless and pure for the goddess. Wherefore they said that the goddess was angry and was plainly declaring her wrath. For by this time the thing seemed to all to be supernatural. Now at first Claudia was filled with shame at the mere name of the thing and the suspicion; so very far was she from such shameless and lawless behavior. But when she saw that the charge against her was gaining strength, she took off her girdle and fastened it about the prow of the ship and, like one divinely inspired, had all stand aside. Then she besought the goddess not to suffer her to be implicated in unjust slanders. Next she cried aloud, commanding: `O Goddess Mother, if I am pure follow me!' And lo, she not only made the ship move, but even towed her for some distance up stream. Two things, I think, the goddess showed the Romans on that day: First that the freight from Phrygia had great value, in fact was priceless, and that this was no work of men's hands but was truly divine; not lifeless clay but a thing possessed of life and divine powers. This, I say, was one thing that the goddess showed them. And the other was that no one of the citizens could be good or bad and she not know thereof. Moreover the war of the Romans against the Carthaginians forthwith took a favourable turn, so that the third war was waged only for the walls of Carthage itself. As for this narrative, though some will think it incredible and wholly unworthy of a philosopher or a theologian, nevertheless let it here be related. For besides the fact that it is commonly recorded by most historians, it has been preserved too on bronze statures in mighty Rome, beloved of the gods.þ  Attis immortal due to castration: In fact the myth does not say that the Mother of the Gods was hostile to Attis after his castration... but forever is Attis the servant and charioteer of the Mother; forever he yearns passionately towards generation; and forever he cuts short his unlimited course throught the cause whose limits are fixed, even the cause of the forms.  Julian's initiation: For all things I am grateful to the Mother of the Gods., and for this among the rest, that she did not disregard me when I wandered as it were in darkness. For first she bade me cut off no part indeed of my body, but by the aid fo the intelligbile cause [Attis] that subsists prior to our souls, all that was superfluous and vain in the impulses and motions of my own soul.
notes on: THE HISTORY OF THE CONQUEST OF MEXICO by William H. Prescott 1843 General Impressions: The native americans did not think Cortes was Quetzalcoatl, but many thought that he was a representative of Q. This despite his erection of Christian shrines and destruction of pagan ones; because Cortes did not deny it. However, there is no record of his destruction of Q.'s temples or monuments. What is remarkable about C. and his followers and their conquest, as opposed to the popular perception, is that it is not wholly attributable to their superior weaponry. After suffering military defeat in the Aztec capital, they abandoned their artillery, muskets, and even their crossbows. Yet these few dozen men defeated an Aztec army of tens of thousands only a few days later. Cortes himself was wounded on an almost daily basis; several instances of severe wounds are recorded. On this basis he, and some of his cohorts, are prime candidates for being vampires. re Quetzalcoatl: only gives a short general impression, but gives good footnotes (#6 in Chapter III): Codex Vaticanus, Pl. 15, and Codex Telleriano-Remensis, Part 2, Pl2, ap. Antiq. of Mexico, vols. I., VI. þþ Sahagun, Hist. de Nueva Espana, lib. 3 cap. 3,4,13,14 þþ Torquemada, Monarch. Ind., lib 6, cap. 24 þþ Ixtlilxochitl, Hist. Chich., MS., cap.I þþ Gomara, Cronica de la Nueva Espana, cap 22, ap. Barcia, Historiadores Primitivos de las Indias Occidentales, (Madrid, 1749) tom II. Book 2, Ch. I: Conversion to Christianity in Cuba, from whence Cortes came: "One chief, indeed, named Hatuey ...was condemned by Velasquez to be burned alive. It was he who made that memorable reply, more eloquent than a volume of invective. When urged at the stake to embrace Christianity, that his should might find admission into heaven, he inquired if the white men would go there. On being answered n the affirmative, he exclaimed `Then I will not be a Christian; for I would not go again to a place where I must find men so cruel!'" Book 5, ch. iii During the retreat from Mexico City, at the final breach in the causeway across the lake where so many of the Spaniards and their Tlasclan allies were slaughtered, Alvarado & his troops were in great trouble, in the rearguard. A. had several wounds, yet he was the last to retreat across the gap. "Alvarado stood on the brink for a moment, hesitating what to do. Unhorsed as he was, to throw himself into the water, in the face of the hostile canoes that now swarmed around the opening, afforded but a desperate chance of safety. He had but a second for thought. He was a man of powerful frame, and despair gave him unnatural energy. Setting his long lance firmly on the wreck which strewed the bottom of the lake, he sprung forward with all his might, and cleared the wide gap at a leap! Aztecs and Tlascalans gazed in stupid amazement, exclaiming, as they beheld the incredible feat, `This is truly the Tonatiuh þþ the Child of the Sun.'" Book 5, ch. iv It was at the battle of Otumba that the Spaniards fought the Aztecs without benefit of cannon, musket, or crossbow; even having lost most of their armor. They had perhaps 500 soldiers, including 23 calvary on severely wounded horses, plus perhaps an additional 500 Tlasclan allies. The Aztecs, inferior in armament only in that they had no steel swords, numbered at least 100,000, yet eventually fled in panic. Book 5, endnote The two original stories on which most of the history of the conquest depends are those of Francisco Lopez de Gomara, who was not a participant, but was Cortes's chaplain after his return to Spain, and of Bernal Diaz del Castillo, born poor, a lifetime soldier, who was in the pre-Cortez expeditions to Mexico, as well. Book 6, Chapter 2 (last paragraph) At Villa Rica, 3 ships of reinforcements also brought "a Dominican friar, who brought a quantity of pontifical bulls, offering indulgences to those engaged in war against the infidel. The soldiers were not slow to fortify themselves with the good graces of the church; and the worthy father, after driving a prosperous traffic with his spiritual wares, had the satisfaction to return home, at the end of a few months, well freighted, in exchange, with the more substantial treasures of the Indies." Book 7, Chapter 4 "It was a resurrection of the dead, so industriously had the reports of his death been circulated, and so generally believed. It was reported that Cortes was killed in the morasses of Chiapas. This was so reliably believed that funeral ceremonies were made in his honor; his property was seized to pay his debts; and ran the government in his place.
Some notes on Christians, heretics, & other vampire- related material from THE DECLINE AND FALL OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE by Edward Gibbon Chapter 49 Discussion of the introduction of icons into the Christian church. They had no record of the features of Christ, Mary or the Apostles, but this was remedied by the alleged correspondence of Christ with Abgarus in Syria, with an impression of his face in linen given the city of Edessa and a promise it would never be captured. However, this linen was hidden for five hundred years, hence the lack of earlier records. Chapter 50 The Chollyridian heretics in Arabia in the 7th century "invested the Virgin Mary with the name and honours of a goddess." [Footnote: Hottinger, Hist. Orient. P. 225- 228]. The Collyridian heresy was carried from Thrace to Arabia by some women, and the name was borrowed from the Collyridiss, or cake, which they offered to the goddess. This example, that of Beryllus bishop of Bostra (Eueb. Hist. Eccles. 1. vi.c.33), and several others, may excuse the reproach, Arabia haeresewn ferax. The Koran incorporates apocryphal gospels, and thus the immaculate conception of the virgin Mary, which the Catholic Church then borrowed. The Arabian Gnostics taught Mohammed that Jesus was a prophet, not a god, and that the texts had been misconstrued by the Church. Chapter 51 Conquest of Bosra was a good example of the triumph of Moslem arms over Christian superstition. Chapter 54 "In the profession of Christianity the variety of national characters may be clearly distinguished. The natives of Syria and Egypt abandoned their lives to lazy and contemplative devotion: Rome again aspired to the dominion of the world; and the wit of the lively and loquacious Greeks was consumed in the disputes of metaphysical theology." The Paulicians were started by Constantine (Sylvanus), in Mananalis near Samosata [7th century?]. He received a true copy of the New Testament, which was hidden by the Orthodox clergy. He attached himself with particular devotion to the writings of Paul. Early followers formed assemblies in Armenia and Cappadocia. Constantine attacked the fables that had grown around Christianity. They believed images to be non-holy, and miraculous relics to be mere bone. The greek orthodox martyred Sylvanus. 150 years, then rounded up by Justinian the Second and burned. Survivors persecuted on and off, notably by Theodora, who claims to have killed 100,000. In ninth-century the Paulicians were powerful enough, Under Chrysocheir, to fight the emperor, but eventually lost sank into the historic background. Some survived near Mount Haemus, but very degenerate and not knowing their history. Chapter 55 (near end) Orthodox tried long to convert the Russians. Final overall success after Olga, who followed her husband Igor on the Russian throne, was baptized in Constantinople. Despite her efforts, most stayed with the old religion. Her grandson Wolodomir was a zealous pagan, but desired a Christian princess bride. "The edict of Wolodomir had proclaimed that all who should refuse the rites of baptism would be treated as the enemies of god and their prince." Lithuania was the last state in Europe to convert to C., in the fourteenth century. Chapter 56 Alexander the Third, Eastern Emperor, declared the final separation of the churches and the empires of the East and West. Chapter 60 In the seventh century the synods of Spain improved or corrupted the Nicene Creed on the Trinity: they added the word filioque, so that the Holy Ghost proceeded from both the Father and the Son, not just the Father, as the Greek Orthodox church upheld. Other points of difference: Greek priests marry except for bishops; the Greeks allow leavened bread for communion; the Latins abstained from strangled food; fasted on Saturdays; permitted eating milk and cheese the first weak of lent; let monks eat meat; used animal grease instead of vegetable oil for sacred ointments; holy chrism in baptism reserved to episcopal order; bishops wore rings; priests shaved their beards, and baptized by single immersion. Chapter 61 John, or Joannice, or Calo-John, was the revolted chief of the Bulgarians and Wallachians during the Latin rule of Constantinople. He was Catholic, and a Latin ally against the Greeks. But the Count of Flanders snubbed him, and he turned to support the Greeks. When Henry, the emperor's brother, had transported his troops beyond the Hellespont, they revolted, murdering the scant Latin garrisons. Calo-John enlisted 14,000 comans from Scythia (who drank the blood of their captives and sacrificed Christians to their gods). Baldwin did not wait to join with Henry, but marched on the rebels in Adrianople. The Comans pretended to flee before a calvary charge, but then turned on the heavily-armored Franks. The emperor was made prisoner, and died in prison. Chapter 66 During the papacy of Eugenius IV, after the conflicts between Avignon and Rome, to heal the schism synods were convened at Pisa and Constance. They established the authority of the general counsel above the Pope. Such assemblies were to be held at regular intervals. Eugenius eluded one such assembly, but the bishops called one at Basil, which threatened to depose him unless he admitted to their authority, which he did (in a bull). They assumed the government of Avignon, annulled the alienation of the sacred patrimony, and protected Rome from new taxes. Eugenius used the pretext of reuniting the Greek and Catholic churches to re-impose his power: "and with some indulgence of forgery and theft, a surreptitious decree was procured, which transferred the synod, with its own consent, to that Italian city" [Ferrara, where Eugenius regained power]