Benito Mussolini was the dictator of Italy from the mid-1920's until near the end of World War II. He invented the modern totalitarian doctrine of fascism.
Mussolini was born on July 29, 1883. He became a journalist, then joined the Italian army during World War I. He founded the Fascist Party after the war ended. In 1922, despite the small size of his party, he was appointed Prime Minister. He quickly concentrated power in his own hands and became a dictator, calling himself Il Duce. He was executed by Italian communist partisans on April 28, 1945.
This page lists links to articles written by William P. Meyers on Mussolini and Italian fascism. It also includes links to other sources of data on Benito Mussolini.
* The Pope and Mussolini: The Secret History of Pius XI and the Rise of Fascism in Europe by David I. Kertzer, p. xxxi, Random House, 2014